Healy TJ and others, ‘A Global Review of Elasmobranch Tourism Activities, Management and Risk’ (2020) 118 Marine Policy 103964 <>

Meyer L and others, ‘The Effects of Wildlife Tourism Provisioning on Non-Target Species’ (2020) 241 Biological Conservation 108317 <>

Montero-Quintana AN and others, ‘Ecotourism Impacts on the Behaviour of Whale Sharks: An Experimental Approach’ (2020) 54 Oryx 270 <>

Murray A and others, ‘Protecting the Million-Dollar Mantas; Creating an Evidence-Based Code of Conduct for Manta Ray Tourism Interactions’ (2020) 19 Journal of Ecotourism 132 <>

Mustika PLK, Ichsan M and Booth H, ‘The Economic Value of Shark and Ray Tourism in Indonesia and Its Role in Delivering Conservation Outcomes’ (2020) 7 Frontiers in Marine Science 261 <>

Ziegler J and others, ‘Can Ecotourism Change Community Attitudes towards Conservation?’ [2020] Oryx 1 <>


Lowe J and Tejada JFC, ‘The Role of Livelihoods in Collective Engagement in Sustainable Integrated Coastal Management: Oslob Whale Sharks’ (2019) 170 Ocean and Coastal Management 80 <>

Meekan M and Lowe J, ‘Does Provisioning for Tourism Harm Whale Sharks at Oslob? A Review of the Evidence and Reply to Ziegler et Al. (2018)’ (2019) 75 Tourism Management 626 <>

Zemah Shamir Z and others, ‘Evidence of the Impacts of Emerging Shark Tourism in the Mediterranean’ (2019) 178 Ocean and Coastal Management 104847 <>

Zimmerhackel JS and others, ‘Evidence of Increased Economic Benefits from Shark-Diving Tourism in the Maldives’ (2019) 100 Marine Policy 21 <>


Abrantes KG, Brunnschweiler JM and Barnett A, ‘You Are What You Eat: Examining the Effects of Provisioning Tourism on Shark Diets’ (2018) 224 Biological Conservation 300 <>

Apps K, Dimmock K and Huveneers C, ‘Turning Wildlife Experiences into Conservation Action: Can White Shark Cage-Dive Tourism Influence Conservation Behaviour?’ (2018) 88 Marine Policy 108 <>

Clua EEG, ‘Managing Bite Risk for Divers in the Context of Shark Feeding Ecotourism: A Case Study from French Polynesia (Eastern Pacific)’ (2018) 68 Tourism Management 275 <>

Gallagher AJ and Huveneers CPM, ‘Emerging Challenges to Shark-Diving Tourism’ (2018) 96 Marine Policy 9 <>

Nazimi L and others, ‘Comparison of Industry-Based Data to Monitor White Shark Cage-Dive Tourism’ (2018) 66 Tourism Management 263 <>

Sutcliffe SR and Barnes ML, ‘The Role of Shark Ecotourism in Conservation Behaviour: Evidence from Hawaii’ (2018) 97 Marine Policy 27 <>

Zimmerhackel JS and others, ‘How Shark Conservation in the Maldives Affects Demand for Dive Tourism’ (2018) 69 Tourism Management 263 <>

2017, 2016 and 2015

Anna Z and Saputra DS, ‘Economic Valuation of Whale Shark Tourism in Cenderawasih Bay National Park, Papua, Indonesia’ (2017) 18 Biodiversitas 1026 <>

Gallagher AJ and others, ‘Biological Effects, Conservation Potential, and Research Priorities of Shark Diving Tourism’ (2015) 184 Biological Conservation 365 <>

Haskell PJ and others, ‘Monitoring the Effects of Tourism on Whale Shark Rhincodon Typus Behaviour in Mozambique’ (2015) 49 Oryx 492 <>

Macdonald C and others, ‘Conservation Potential of Apex Predator Tourism’ (2017) 215 Biological Conservation 132Gallagher AJ and others, ‘Biological Effects, Conservation Potential, and Research Priorities of Shark Diving Tourism’ (2015) 184 Biological Conservation 365 <>

Richards K and others, ‘Sharks and People: Insight into the Global Practices of Tourism Operators and Their Attitudes to Shark Behaviour’ (2015) 91 Marine Pollution Bulletin 200 <>

Womersley FC, Leblond ST and Rowat DRL, ‘Scarring Instance and Healing Capabilities of Whale Sharks and Possible Implications’, The 4th International Whale Shark Conference (Hamad bin Khalifa University Press (HBKU Press) 2016) <>

before 2015

Dearden P, ‘Dearden P., Topelko K., and Ziegler, J (2007) Shark Watching: Historical Context and Growth Management. In Marine Wildlife and Tourism Management Ed by J. Higham and M. Luck. CABI,…’

Bentz J and others, ‘Shark Diving in the Azores: Challenge and Opportunity’ (2014) 10 Tourism in Marine Environments 71

O’Malley MP, Lee-Brooks K and Medd HB, ‘The Global Economic Impact of Manta Ray Watching Tourism’ (2013) 8 PLoS ONE

Catlin J, Jones T and Jones R, ‘Balancing Commercial and Environmental Needs: Licensing as a Means of Managing Whale Shark Tourism on Ningaloo Reef’ (2012) 20 Journal of Sustainable Tourism 163

Ziegler J, Dearden P and Rollins R, ‘But Are Tourists Satisfied? Importance-Performance Analysis of the Whale Shark Tourism Industry on Isla Holbox, Mexico’ (2012) 33 Tourism Management 692 <>

Vianna GMS and others, ‘Socio-Economic Value and Community Benefits from Shark-Diving Tourism in Palau: A Sustainable Use of Reef Shark Populations’ (2012) 145 Biological Conservation 267

Cubero-Pardo P, Herrón P and González-Pérez F, ‘Shark Reactions to Scuba Divers in Two Marine Protected Areas of the Eastern Tropical Pacific’ (2011) 21 Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 239

Catlin J, Jones R and Jones T, ‘Revisiting Duffus and Dearden’s Wildlife Tourism Framework’ (2011) 144 Biological Conservation 1537 <>

Gallagher AJ and Hammerschlag N, ‘Global Shark Currency: The Distribution Frequency and Economic Value of Shark Ecotourism’ (2011) 14 Current Issues in Tourism 797

Pierce SJ and others, ‘Developing a Code of Conduct for Whale Shark Interactions in Mozambique’ (2010) 20 Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 782

Speed CW and others, ‘Scarring Patterns and Relative Mortality Rates of Indian Ocean Whale Sharks’ (2008) 72 Journal of Fish Biology 1488

Diaz JH, ‘The Evaluation, Management, and Prevention of Stingray Injuries in Travelers’ (2008) 15 Journal of Travel Medicine 102

Quiros AL, ‘Tourist Compliance to a Code of Conduct and the Resulting Effects on Whale Shark (Rhincodon Typus) Behavior in Donsol, Philippines’ (2007) 84 Fisheries Research 102

Dobson J, ‘Sharks, Wildlife Tourism, and State Regulation’ (2006) 3 Tourism in Marine Environments 15Topelko KN and Dearden P, ‘The Shark Watching Industry and Its Potential Contribution to Shark Conservation’ (2005) 4 Journal of Ecotourism 108